By Dr. Nour Zoarob

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums, usually caused by a bacterial infection.
If left untreated, it can become a more serious infection known as periodontitis.

Gingivitis and periodontitis are major causes of tooth loss in adults, according to the American Dental Association.

Types of gum infections:

Gingivitis is usually caused by an overgrowth of dental plaque. In addition to improper dental hygiene, there can be many contributing factors, such as:

•Certain medications, such as phenytoin, calcium channel blockers, and oral contraceptives.

* Sever deficiencies of vitamin C 
* Hormonal changes.
* Leukemia.

* Gums that are red, tender or swollen.
* Gums that bleed when you brush or floss.
* Pus between your teeth and gums.
* Loose teeth.
* Sensitive teeth.
* Pain when chewing.

You must practice good oral hygiene to treat gingivitis. You should also cut back on any smoking if you smoke and manage your diabetes.

Other treatments include:
•Deep cleaning your teeth. (Scaling or root planning)
•Antibiotic medications (mouthwash, antibiotics)
•Surgery (flap surgery/Bone and tissue grafts)

Photography: Galya Smith


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